Wednesday, August 23, 2017

Khajuraho Group of Monuments (India)

The temples at Khajuraho were built during the Chandella dynasty, which reached its apogee between 950 and 1050. 
Only about 20 temples remain; they fall into three distinct groups and belong to two different religions – Hinduism and Jainism. 
They strike a perfect balance between architecture and sculpture. 
The Temple of Kandariya is decorated with a profusion of sculptures that are among the greatest masterpieces of Indian art.

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Tuesday, August 22, 2017

Monasteries of Daphni, Hosios Loukas and Nea Moni of Chios (Greece)

Although geographically distant from each other, these three monasteries (the first is in Attica, near Athens, the second in Phocida near Delphi, and the third on an island in the Aegean Sea, near Asia Minor) belong to the same typological series and share the same aesthetic characteristics. 
The churches are built on a cross-in-square plan with a large dome supported by squinches defining an octagonal space. 
In the 11th and 12th centuries they were decorated with superb marble works as well as mosaics on a gold background, all characteristic of the 'second golden age of Byzantine art'.

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Monday, August 21, 2017

Mines of Rammelsberg, Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System (Germany)

The Upper Harz mining water management system, which lies south of the Rammelsberg mines and the town of Goslar, has been developed over a period of some 800 years to assist in the process of extracting ore for the production of non-ferrous metals. 
Its construction was first undertaken in the Middle Ages by Cistercian monks, and it was then developed on a vast scale from the end of the 16th century until the 19th century. 
It is made up of an extremely complex but perfectly coherent system of artificial ponds, small channels, tunnels and underground drains. 
It enabled the development of water power for use in mining and metallurgical processes. 
It is a major site for mining innovation in the western world.

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Sunday, August 20, 2017

Grapefruit

The grapefruit is a subtropical citrus fruit.
The present grapefruits are increasingly on the grapevine.
Some famous breeds are: 'Duncan', 'Foster', 'Thompson', 'Ruby', 'Red' and 'Marsh'.

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Saturday, August 19, 2017

Place Stanislas, Place de la Carrière and Place d'Alliance in Nancy (France)

Nancy, the temporary residence of a king without a kingdom – Stanislas Leszczynski, later to become Duke of Lorraine – is paradoxically the oldest and most typical example of a modern capital where an enlightened monarch proved to be sensitive to the needs of the public. 
Built between 1752 and 1756 by a brilliant team led by the architect Héré, this was a carefully conceived project that succeeded in creating a capital that not only enhanced the sovereign's prestige but was also functional.

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Friday, August 18, 2017

Derwent Valley Mills (England)

The Derwent Valley in central England contains a series of 18th- and 19th- century cotton mills and an industrial landscape of high historical and technological interest. 
The modern factory owes its origins to the mills at Cromford, where Richard Arkwright's inventions were first put into industrial-scale production. 
The workers' housing associated with this and the other mills remains intact and illustrate the socio-economic development of the area.

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Thursday, August 17, 2017

Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu (China)

The temple, cemetery and family mansion of Confucius, the great philosopher, politician and educator of the 6th–5th centuries B.C., are located at Qufu, in Shandong Province. 
Built to commemorate him in 478 B.C., the temple has been destroyed and reconstructed over the centuries; today it comprises more than 100 buildings. 
The cemetery contains Confucius' tomb and the remains of more than 100,000 of his descendants. 
The small house of the Kong family developed into a gigantic aristocratic residence, of which 152 buildings remain. 
The Qufu complex of monuments has retained its outstanding artistic and historic character due to the devotion of successive Chinese emperors over more than 2,000 years.

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Wednesday, August 16, 2017

Miguasha National Park (Canada)

The palaeontological site of Miguasha National Park, in south-eastern Quebec on the southern coast of the Gaspé peninsula, is considered to be the world's most outstanding illustration of the Devonian Period known as the 'Age of Fishes'. 
Dating from 370 million years ago, the Upper Devonian Escuminac Formation represented here contains five of the six fossil fish groups associated with this period. 
Its significance stems from the discovery there of the highest number and best-preserved fossil specimens of the lobe-finned fishes that gave rise to the first four-legged, air-breathing terrestrial vertebrates – the tetrapods.

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Tuesday, August 15, 2017

Fernando de Noronha and Atol das Rocas Reserves (Brazil)

Peaks of the Southern Atlantic submarine ridge form the Fernando de Noronha Archipelago and Rocas Atoll off the coast of Brazil. 
They represent a large proportion of the island surface of the South Atlantic and their rich waters are extremely important for the breeding and feeding of tuna, shark, turtle and marine mammals. 
The islands are home to the largest concentration of tropical seabirds in the Western Atlantic. 
Baia de Golfinhos has an exceptional population of resident dolphin and at low tide the Rocas Atoll provides a spectacular seascape of lagoons and tidal pools teeming with fish.

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Monday, August 14, 2017

Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens (Melbourne - Australia)

The Royal Exhibition Building and its surrounding Carlton Gardens were designed for the great international exhibitions of 1880 and 1888 in Melbourne. 
The building and grounds were designed by Joseph Reed. 
The building is constructed of brick and timber, steel and slate. 
It combines elements from the Byzantine, Romanesque, Lombardic and Italian Renaissance styles. 
The property is typical of the international exhibition movement which saw over 50 exhibitions staged between 1851 and 1915 in venues including Paris, New York, Vienna, Calcutta, Kingston (Jamaica) and Santiago (Chile). 
All shared a common theme and aims: to chart material and moral progress through displays of industry from all nations.

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